Between the middle of the Eighth Century until themid-Sixth Century B.C., a noble class with a strongpolitic and economic control, achieved thanks totheir lifestyle and their social and religious rituals,especially those related to funeral cult, imposedthemselves upon Etruscan Society. The impressive archaeological documentaryresearch, which comes from the OrientalisingPeriod, is full of data pertaining to the symboliclanguage of things used to accompany funeral ritesof the most important society leading figures of thatperiod.
Some of these symbols, belonging to “clanleader” o “princes”, as researchers defined them according to the importance of the context, usuallyrecurred similarly in many parts of Ancient Italy.According to Gilda Bartoloni “In Italy, during theSeventh Century B.C., funerary contexts of themost important men become equal in every singlesociety, going beyond ethnic differences: identicalobjects were found in Fabriano’s tombs, as well as in Pontecagnano, Palestrina and Vetulonia’s ones”
(Bartoloni 2001, p.165). Therefore, this culturalhomogenization goes with the birth of a new socialorganization, swayed by the warrior princes andBasileus Homeric model, which Etruscan andItalian inhabitants assumed and adapted to theirlocal society. In this case, instead of “clan leader”or “monarchs”, we should talk about “hegemonicgroups”, which emerged also in small societies dueto fami ly’s prestige or census.